PL EN
Migration and climate change Open problem of the status of environmental migrants in national and international law
 
More details
Hide details
1
WPiA UWM w Olsztynie
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Piotr Wacław Krajewski   

WPiA UWM w Olsztynie
Submission date: 2021-06-08
Final revision date: 2022-03-31
Acceptance date: 2022-04-13
Publication date: 2022-07-31
 
JoMS 2022;48(1):61–79
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
Trying to answer the questions that need to be asked and for which one needs to look for appropriate answers may be, for example: what causes climate change and how does it affect the movement of people? Who are the victims of changes in nature? Can they be grouped into one category? Who are these people for international law? Is it realistic to grant these migrants a specific legal status that would be the basis for actions to protect their rights and life?

Material and methods:
Acts of international law; thematic studies. Analytical method

Results:
States should seek to reverse the incentives to migrate; it is about pre-emptive actions for places and people who, due to environmental reasons, are deprived of means and the possibility of further existence; there is a need for solidarity thinking about maintaining appropriate living conditions and investing in sustainable development in each area.

Conclusions:
There is a need for: deepening the knowledge about the phenomenon and collecting data; strengthening the pro-ecological policy in connection with the institutional and legal context in order to prevent adverse changes in the environment; strengthening the operational and technical capabilities of state institutions to mitigate adverse climate changes; continue work towards establishing the legal status of environmental migrants.

 
REFERENCES (12)
1.
Amin, S. (1974). Modern Migrations in Western Africa. Routledge, London 1974, https://doi.org/10.4324/978135... (dostęp: 23.05.2021).
 
2.
Laczko, F., Aghazarm, Ch. (red.) (2021). Migration, Environment and Climate Change. Assessing the Evidence, https://publications.iom.int/s... (dostęp: 23.05.2021).
 
3.
Lee, E.S. (1966). A Theory of Migration. „Demography”, Vol. 3, No. 1, p. 47–57.
 
4.
Myers, N. (1995). Environmental Exodus: An Emergent Crisis in the Global Arena. Washington DC: Climate Institute.
 
5.
Pawłowski, A. (2009). Rewolucja rozwoju zrównoważonego. „Problemy Ekorozwoju/Problems of Sustainable Development”, Vol. 4, No. 1, s. 65–76.
 
6.
Petersen, W. (1958). A General Typology of Migration, „American Sociological Review”, Vol. 23, No. 3, s. 256–266.
 
7.
Pokhrel, Y. i in. (2021). Global terrestrial water storage and drought severity under climate change. Nature Climate Change, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558...(dostęp: 23.05.2021).
 
8.
Sitek, M. (2016). Kryzys uchodźczy a kryzys instytucjonalny Unii Europejskiej, „Journal of Modern Science” 28 nr 1, s. 457-471.
 
9.
Sitek M. (2016). Respecting the human rights – the rights of immigrants. Between needs an capabilities of the countries hosting the migrants, w: M. Sitek, S. Stadniczeńko (red), The rights of migrants between the needs and capabilities of the state and the international community, Józefów 2016, s. 55-66.
 
10.
Speare A. (1974). The Relevance of Models of Internal Migration for the Study of International Migration. W: G. Tapinos (red.), International Migration: Proceedings of a Seminar on Demographic Research in Relation to International Migration CICRED. Paris 1974, s. 84–94. http://www.cicred.org/Eng/Publ... (23.05.2021).
 
11.
Suhrke A. (1994). Environmental degradation and population flows. „Journal of International Affairs” 1994, Vol. 47, No. 2, s. 473–496.
 
12.
Tarzia A. (2018). Il diritto all’istruzione nelle societa interculturali. I giudici, i legislatori e il governo dei flussi migratori, „Journal of Modern Science” Vol. 1, No. 36, s. 113–23.
 
eISSN:2391-789X
ISSN:1734-2031