Autonomy, Mastery, Purpose – a basis for good practice in organising university courses
 
More details
Hide details
1
Szkoła Główna Służby Pożarniczej w Warszawie
Publication date: 2017-03-31
 
JoMS 2017;32(1):183–208
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
In this article we present a comparative case study of two master courses in mathematics organised respectively by a university in the UK and in Germany. The two cases are analysed in terms of the aspects of Autonomy, Mastery and Purpose which are related to the self-determination theory of Deci and Ryan and its concept of autonomous motivation. We reveal the differences between the two universities and consider their influence on the students behaviour and performance. Stronger features of Autonomy, Mastery and Purpose coincide with positive effects, which is in accordance with the predictions of self-determination theory. We propose Autonomy, Mastery and Purpose as a basis for establishing good practice in university teaching and make some suggestions for practical implementation.
 
REFERENCES (16)
1.
Amabile, T.M. (1996). Creativity in context, Boulder Colo.: Westview Press. ISBN 9780813330341.
 
2.
Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2000). Beyond boredom and anxiety: Experiencing flow in work and play, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. ISBN 978-0-7879-5140-5.
 
3.
Deci, E.L., Ryan, R.M. (2007). Facilitating optimal motivation and psychological well-being across life’s domains, „Canadian Psychology” No. 49(1), p. 14–23. ISSN 0708-5591.
 
4.
Deci, E.L., Ryan, R.M. (2000). The ‟what” and ‟why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination behaviour, „Psychological Inquiry” No. 11, p. 227–268. ISSN 1047-840X.
 
5.
Fernet, C., Guay, F., Senecal, C. (2004). Adjusting to job demands: The role of work self-determination and job control in predicting burnout, „Journal of Vocational Behavior” No. 65, p. 39–56. ISSN 0001-8791.
 
6.
Glucksberg, S. (1964). Problem solving: Response competition under the influence of drive, „Psychological Reports” No. 15, p. 939–942. ISSN 0033-2941.
 
7.
Glucksberg, S. (1962). The influence and strength of drive on functional fixedness and perceptual recognition, „Journal of Experimental Psychology” No. 63, p. 36–41. ISSN 0096-3445.
 
8.
Grolnick, W.S., Ryan, R.M. (1987). Autonomy in children's learning: An experimental and individual difference investigation, „Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” No. 52, p. 890–898. ISSN 0022-3514.
 
9.
Koestner, R., Ryan, R.M., Bernieri, F., Holt, K. (1984). Setting limits on children’s behavior: The differential effects of controlling versus informational styles on intrinsic motivation and creativity, „Journal of Personality” No. 52, p. 233–248. ISSN 1467-6494.
 
10.
Lepper, M., Greene, D., Nisbett, R. (1973). Undermining children’s intrinsic interest with extrinsic rewards: A test of the ‛overjustification hypothesis’, „Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” No. 28(1), p. 129–137. ISSN 0022-3514.
 
11.
Pelletier, L.G., Fortier, M.S., Vallerand, R.J., Brière, N.M. (2001). Associations among perceived autonomy support, forms of self-regulation, and persistence: A prospective study, „Motivation and Emotion” No. 25, p. 279–306. ISSN 0146-7239.
 
12.
Pink, D.H. (2010). Drive. The surprising truth about what motivates us, Edinburgh: Canongate Books Ltd. ISBN 978-1594484803.
 
13.
Ryan, R.M., Deci, E.L. (2006). Self-Regulation and the Problem of Human Autonomy: Does Psychology Need Choice, Self-Determination and Will?, „Journal of Personality” No. 74(6), p. 1557–1586. ISSN 1467-6494.
 
14.
Ryan, R.M., Deci, E.L. (2000). Self-determination theory and the facilitation of intrinsic motivation, social development and well-being, „American Psychologist” No. 55, p. 68–78. ISSN 0003-066X.
 
15.
Ryan, R.M., Rigby, S., King, K. (1993). Two types of religious orientations and mental health, „Journal of Personality and Social Psychology” No. 65, p. 586–596. ISSN 0022-3514.
 
16.
Vellerand, R.J., Bissonnette, R. (1992). Intrinsic, extrinsic and amotivational styles as predictors of behavior: A prospective study, „Journal of Personality” No. 60, p. 599–620. ISSN 1467-6494.
 
eISSN:2391-789X
ISSN:1734-2031