The role of tourism in European Union - selected issues
Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alcide De Gasperi
Data nadesłania: 26-06-2018
Data akceptacji: 12-09-2018
Data publikacji: 26-10-2018
Autor do korespondencji
Iwona Barbara Florek   

Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alcide De Gasperi, Sienkiewicza 4, 05-410 Józefów, Polska
JoMS 2018;38(3):41-52
The article presents an outline of European touristic policy and the role of tourism sector in European economy. The author shows the possibilities and prospects that internal market gives to the tourism of Member States. Community actions and measures are aimed at strengthening the position of European tourism. Moreover challenges and opportunities of European compared to world tourism are described.

Material and methods:
The author presents the importance of tourism sector in EU basing on statistical data. Later-on descriptive and analytical method is being used.

Institutions of EU involved with tourism shall put more emphasis on some specific issues as there is no specific tourism policy and development programmes in this matter. An urgent consideration must be given to a proper touristic service marketing by enhancing promotion programs, taking patterns from successful experiences of other countries, using modern marketing tools taking inspiration from new emerging tourism markets worldwide.

The complexity of tourism and the broad diversity of involved actors require the collaboration of all stakeholders involved in the planning and implementation of relevant policies and measures at European level. Community institutions, national administrations, professional organizations, employers and employees, NGOs and researchers, should build partnerships at all levels to improve the competitiveness of European tourism and demonstrate the important role. Development of cooperation and partnership under the renewed policy should be reviewed regularly during the European Tourism Forums.

Anastasiadou C. (2006) Tourism and the European Union [in:] Hall D., Smith M., Marciszewska B. (2006) Tourism in the new Europe. The Challenges and Opportunities of the EU Enlargment, UK, ISBN 9781845931179.
World Tourism Organization UN WTO (2017) Annual Report 2016, available at: (17.06.2018) ISBN 9789284418718.
Cooper C., Fletcher J., Fyall A., Gilbert D., Wanhill S., (2008) Tourism. Principles and practice, Milan, Italy ISBN 9781408200094.
Eroğlu, S. E. (2011). From Civil Society to Global Civil Society, International Journal of Arts and Sciences, 4(3) ISSN 1944-6934.
Eurostat, Eurostat regional yearbook 2016 edition, 2016 , Belgium, available at: ISBN 978-92-79-60090-6 (17.06.2018).
Holloway J. C. (2009) The Business of Tourism, Malaysia ISBN 9780273717102.
Kamieniecki K. Wspólnota Europejska a turystyka, available at: (25.03.2014).
Magliulo A. (2014) Sustainable and competitive tourism: targets, determinants and measurement systems [in:] Tourism Research in a Changing World (ed.) Dias F., Kosmaczewska J., Dziedzic E., Magliulo A., Portugal ISBN 9789899896505.
Majewska M. (2005) The report on touristic activity of Poles and Rother citizens of European Union [in:] Siwiński W., Tauber R. D., Mucha-Szajek E. (2005) Hotelarstwo, rekreacja, turystyka. Kierunki przemian w świecie postindustrialnym, Poznań, Poland ISBN 8388537334.
Ministry of Sport and Tourism (MSiT) Tourism Department (2009) Turystyka w strukturach Unii Europejskiej. Programy Unii Europejskiej dotyczące rozwoju turystyki. Przyszłość turystyki w Unii Europejskiej, Warsaw, Poland.
Page S. J. (2011) Tourism Management. An introduction, Spain ISBN 9780080969329.
Sitek M. (2009) Ecological education of Tourists in the light of European Union Regulations, as the Chance for Social Science Development, [in:] Regional formation and development studies, Journal of Social Sciences No.3(4); 3/2010, Klaipeda, Lithuania ISSN 2351-6542.
Sitek M. (2010) Instytucje i organy Unii Europejskiej w świetle postanowień Traktatu Lizbońskiego, Józefów, Poland ISBN 9788393010240.
Sitek P. (2007) Administracyjne i kulturowe aspekty przystąpienia Turcji do Unii Europejskiej, , Kirikkale, Turkey ISBN 97897501411904.
Sokolova S. (2016) Turystyka naukowa jako specyficzna forma rynku spotkań a biznesowych czy nowy rodzaj turystyki?, Turystyka i Rozwój Regionalny 6/2016 Warszawa ISSN 2353-9178.
Szejniuk A. (2014) Równowaga praca – życie osobiste, Journal of Modern Science 2/2014 vol. 21. Józefów ISSN 1734-2031.
World Travel & Tourism Council (2017) Travel & Tourism Economic Impact World 2017, available at: (17.06.2018).
World Travel & Tourism Council (2018) Travel & Tourism Economic Impact Europe 2018, available at: (17.06.2018).
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top