Innovative ecosystem based on a sixtuple helix on the example of the Podkarpackie Voivodeship
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Uniwersytet Gdański, Wydział Zarządzania Politechnika Gdańska, Wydział Architektury
Uniwersytet Gdański, Wydział Zarządzania
Submission date: 2023-01-04
Final revision date: 2023-09-29
Acceptance date: 2023-10-01
Publication date: 2023-10-31
Corresponding author
Elżbieta Wojnicka-Sycz   

Uniwersytet Gdański, Wydział Zarządzania Politechnika Gdańska, Wydział Architektury
JoMS 2023;52(3):172-189
The objective of this article is to verify the proposed model of the innovation ecosystem based on a six-fold helix: enterprises, intermediary institutions, science, administration, society and the natural environment, corresponding to the post-materialist paradigm in innovation. This model complements the existing helix models of the innovation system with intermediary institutions for innovation transfer, as well as new types of innovation (eco-innovation, social innovation, etc.). The post-materialist paradigm is also pointed to as a direction for the development of the system paradigm in science, as well as in innovation.

Material and methods:
A survey research was carried out using an online survey questionnaire (CAWI) among 145 agents of the Podkarpackie innovation system, mostly enterprises. The basis for the formulation of the survey questionnaire was the proposed six-helix model. The results of the survey were analyzed using logit regression.

The survey showed that the goals of sustainable development are important to the entities of the Podkarpackie region, and that quite a few of them declare cooperation with representatives of different groups of the sixfold helix. For entities implementing research, development and innovation (R&D&I) projects, cooperation with scientists, consulting firms and in membership organizations was particularly important.

The research confirmed the holistic, systemic nature of innovation and the importance of approach consistent with sustainable development corresponding to post-materialism. The results indicate that with regard to innovation studies at the national or other regions' level, it is necessary to take into account the new goals of innovation that are linked to corporate social responsibility in its social and environmental dimensions.

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