Security strategies of the European Union in the face of mass migration
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War Studies University
Submission date: 2023-03-31
Final revision date: 2023-10-04
Acceptance date: 2023-10-05
Publication date: 2023-10-31
Corresponding author
Patrycja Lipold   

War Studies University
JoMS 2023;52(3):534-562
This article examines how the EU is responding to the massive, irregular influx of migrants into Europe. Its purpose is to indicate normative and institutional actions that are taken to prevent the phenomenon of illegal migration and to define the model of the EU response that is adopted in the event of its occurrence. The work also attempts to clarify whether there is an EU security strategy that would comprehensively regulate these issues. Documents that deal with illegal migration to Europe and are related to ensuring the security of organizations were analyzed. The article also explains EU initiatives aimed at finding practical solutions in the event of a mass influx of migrants.

Material and methods:
In this work, research inquiries were based on an analytical and empirical model. Mainly qualitative methods were used: case studies and exploration of primary and secondary documents, as well as a synthetic method.

The results indicate that the EU does not have a security strategy in the event of mass illegal migration to Europe. This issue is addressed in several EU documents, in which it is not, however, the main, leading topic. This reflects the lack of consensus among Member States on a common migration policy.

The final conclusions indicate that globalism has created new security challenges that will increase as migration to the EU increases, which may make the creation of a common strategy a priority necessity.

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