Social security of foreigners in Poland – the level of satisfaction of human needs among immigrants living in Poland
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Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alcide De Gasperi w Józefowie
Artur Michał Banaszak   

Wyższa Szkoła Gospodarki Euroregionalnej im. Alcide De Gasperi w Józefowie
Submission date: 2021-10-31
Acceptance date: 2021-11-30
Publication date: 2021-12-22
JoMS 2021;47(2):13–30
At this moment, the presence of foreigners in our country is one of the important problems affecting society in Poland. The unstable situation on the eastern border with Belarus and numerous attempts to illegally cross the border by emigrants - refugees from, among others, Syria, Iraq or Afghanistan, are one of the very popular topics of public and media disputes or topics discussed by politicians. This topic is very important and crucial - it concerns first of all respect for human rights in relation to those people. Nevertheless, in Poland, apart from the problem of illegal foreigners, there are also citizens of other countries who reside legally in our country. Currently, it is a growing group, whose members are not citizens of our country, but they are an increasingly important part of our society. Therefore, it is worth taking up this topic and reflecting on the situation of foreigners who reside legally in Poland. The subject of this article is the issue of social security of foreigners staying in Poland. The basic research question to which this article is to answer is the question of whether foreigners legally residing in the territory of the Republic of Poland are guaranteed social security – it means if they have ability to live, survive and develop.

Material and methods:
The article will use the method of an interview and a survey conducted among foreigners living in our country, as well as an analysis of available documents and sources regarding the situation of foreigners in Poland.

The outcomes coming from the questionnaires and interviews as well as analyzes of available documents.

The results of the research and analyzes carried out indicate that the situation of foreigners in Poland is relatively correct, but not in all areas the needs of this group are fully satisfied.

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