Application of Rationale and Argumentation in Refuting Up-to-date Myths and Stereotypes
More details
Hide details
Submission date: 2019-12-14
Acceptance date: 2020-02-04
Publication date: 2020-02-06
Corresponding author
Sofiia Sokolova   

JoMS 2019;43(4):119-132
To characterize rationale and argumentation as subjects of scientific research. To represent application of rationale and argumentation technology in on-line discussions on the basis of selected examples.

Material and methods:
Analysis and generalization of scientific sources and documents was performed. Practice of using rationale and argumentation in on-line discussions was analyzed. The first discussion is an on-line dialog between a philosopher and an economist. The philosopher refutes the stereotypical position of his opponent consisting in denying importance of the humanities for the society and in the desire to achieve the abolition of funding for all humanitarian researches. The second example concerns the selection of arguments for dispelling the mythological worldview formed by the means of the Russian information propaganda regarding the Russian-Ukrainian war.


In the age of information society, when information aggression is growing and increasingly turning into an information war, it is essential to be able to rationalize and argue own position as well as to unmask false statements. This skill is especially important in counteracting mythologization of the society and spread of stereotypes.

Aronson, E. (2001). Człowiek istota społeczna. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. 481 s. ISBN 8301131586.
Nieznański, E. (2000). Logika: Podstawy – język – uzasadnianie. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo C.H.Beck. 179 s. ISBN 8371107447.
Petty, R.E, Caccipo, J.T. (1986). The elaboration likelihood model of persuasion. Advances in experimental psychology. L. Berkowitz (red.), Erlbaum, Hillsdale, NJ, s. 123-205.
Ziembiński, Z. (2006). Logika praktyczna. Wydanie XXVI. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, 283 s. ISBN 9788301119027.
Hebel, Ch. (2018). Einreiseverbot für Russen „Die Ukrainer sind verrückt, die sperren uns aus”. Publication: 14.12.2018. Retrieved from:
Proofs for Hague. Ministry of Information Policy of Ukraine. Official website. Retrieved from:
Report on the human rights situation in Ukraine 16 May to 15 August 2017. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. Retrieved from:
Konstitutsiya (Osnovnoy Zakon) Soyuza Sovetskikh Sotsialisticheskikh Respublik. Prinyata na vneocherednoy sed’moy sessii Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR devyatogo sozyva 7 oktyabrya 1977 g. [Constitution (the Basic Law) of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics adopted at the extraordinary seventh session of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of the ninth convocation on October 7, 1977]. Retrieved from: (in Russian).
Journals System - logo
Scroll to top