Losses and gains among adult Poles during the COVID-19 pandemic
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Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie, Wydział Pedagogiki i Psychologii, Instytut Pedagogiki
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Faculty of Pedagogy and Psychology, Lublin, Poland
Danuta Iwona Wosik-Kawala   

Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie, Wydział Pedagogiki i Psychologii, Instytut Pedagogiki
Submission date: 2021-07-11
Final revision date: 2022-10-14
Acceptance date: 2022-10-17
Publication date: 2022-11-29
JoMS 2022;49(2):215–232
The COVID-19 pandemic causes severe stress that disrupts the lives of many people. The presented research, based on the conservation of resources theory, was carried out to identify the areas of gains and losses in resources among adult Poles during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Material and methods:
The research was based on the quantitative research paradigm. It was conducted using the snowball method. Personal resources (COR) were assessed using the Self-Assessment Questionnaire of Gains and Losses by S. Hobfoll. Statistical calculations were made using the Statistica 13 package and in the R statistical environment.

The research showed that family resources were the most significant ones for the respondents. Obtained data showed the COVID-19 pandemic affected the balance of gains and losses in resources. During the research, clusters were found differentiating people who balance gains and losses in their resources in various ways. The research did not reveal any correlation between the clusters and socio-demographic variables.

It is requested to nurture proper, positive and multidimensional interpersonal relationships that will enhance resources and protect against their loss in challenging, stressful situations such as the COVID-19 pandemic.

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