Disintegration of European Union
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Zakład Ekonomii Wydział Administracji i Nauk Społecznych Politechnika Warszawska
Publication date: 2016-06-30
JoMS 2016;29(2):199-236
The theoretical foundation of European economic policy is ambiguous. There is an assumption, that a/ the single market is “the right thing” for all inhabitants and b/ competition is one of the most important institution in the Community, hence the state aid should be forbidden. Simultaneously, cohesion policy is created to support the less developed regions. But the results of European integration are rather disappointing when looking at the South, e.g. Greece, and East – e.g. Poland. The political leaders seem to be familiar only with the neoclassical/neoliberal doctrine, without having any knowledge in heterodox economics, especially – the political economy of Marks, List, Kalecki or Sraffa. Therefore they can not fully understand the causes and effects of globalization. Contemporary capitalism in Europe calls for a/ demand policy (i.e. another distribution of income) and b/ industrial policy. Instead of forcing the process of market liberalization, the European regulations and actions should force investment (in the South-East Europe) and reproductive employment.
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