Addiction in the age of Internet the case of e-drugs
 
More details
Hide details
1
UMCS w Lublinie
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Marlena Wanda Stradomska   

UMCS w Lublinie
Submission date: 2020-06-12
Final revision date: 2020-11-06
Acceptance date: 2020-11-20
Publication date: 2021-01-18
 
JoMS 2020;45(2):43–62
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The subject of the article are reflections on the issue of addiction in the XXIst century on the example of e-drugs. This is a relatively new type of threat. It affects young people who often use the Internet and are permanently online. E-drugs gained particular popularity in 2008-2010. The people who are currently in the 20-30 age range could be exposed to these resources at that time. Therefore, it was decided to determine what is the level of knowledge about e-drugs among young people in Poland, what are the experiences of the respondents regarding the use of psychoactive substances.

Material and methods:
The research was carried out using the author’s survey, which was made available through an interactive Google survey. The responses of 102 respondents were included in the final analysis, including 54 men and 48 women (M = 22,3) living in the Lubelskie Voivodeship.

Results:
More than half (53%) visited websites where can use e-drugs, 43% have used them, including 20% more than once. E-drugs are considered the least dangerous in terms of the possibility of addiction, compared to other. The average value given to e-drugs is 7.3 out of 12. On the other hand, alcohol (9), heroin (8.3), gambling (8.3) and computer games (8.3) were considered the most dangerous measures.

Conclusions:
This work has a theoretical and practical dimension, because in addition to theories own research and practical implications will be presented.

 
REFERENCES (32)
1.
Antkiewicz B. (2014) Profilaktyka narkomanii w szkołach - zapobieganie, leczenie i reintegracja społeczna, Kontrola państwowa, 2(355), s. 132-144. ISSN 0452-5027.
 
2.
Asad A. (2012) Can Digital Drugs Get You High? Pobrane z: https://www.vice.com/en_us/art... (29.01.2020).
 
3.
Bhatia P., Rasal S., Shelar S. iMulik V. (2016) Binaural beats “amenable or not”, International Journal of Current Research 8(8), s. 35960-35962.
 
4.
 
5.
Dalal P., Basu D. (2016). Twenty years of Internet addiction … Quo Vadis?, Indian journal of psychiatry, 58(1), s. 6–11. ISSN 0019-5545,.
 
6.
Donaldson C., Handren L., Crano W. (2016). The Enduring Impact of Parents’ Monitoring, Warmth, Expectancies, and Alcohol Use on Their Children’s Future Binge Drinking and Arrests: a Longitudinal Analysis, Prevention Science, 17, s. 606–614. ISSN 1389-4986.
 
7.
Everitt B., Robbins T. (2016). Drug Addiction: Updating Actions to Habits to Compulsions Ten Years On, Annual Review of Psychology, 67, s. 23-50. ISSN 0066-4308.
 
8.
Fawzi M., Mansouri F., (2017). Awareness on Digital Drugs Abuse and its Applied Prevention Among Healthcare Practitioners in KSA, Arab Journal of Forensic Sciences and Forensic Medicine, 1. doi: 10.26735/16586794.2017.002.
 
9.
Fox T., Govind O., Ellis S. (2013). The Destructive Capacity of Drug Abuse: An Overview Exploring the Harmful Potential of Drug Abuse Both to the Individual and to Society, ISRN Addiction. 10.1155/2013/450348.
 
10.
Gainsbury S. (2015). Online Gambling Addiction: the Relationship Between Internet Gambling and Disordered Gambling, Current Addiction Reports, 2, s. 185 –193. ISSN 2196-2952.
 
11.
Greydanus, D. &Greydanus, M. (2012). Internet use, misuse, and addiction in adolescents: current issues and challenges, International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health 24(4), s. 283-289. ISSN 0334-0139.
 
12.
Jarczyńska J., Orzechowska A. (2014). Siecioholizm i fonoholizm zagrożeniem współczesnej młodzieży. W: Jarczyńska J. (red), Uzależnienia behawioralne i zachowania problemowe młodzieży (s. 121-146). Bydgoszcz: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Kazimierza Wielkiego. ISBN 9788380180017.
 
13.
Knapik W. (2011). Przeobrażenia kulturowe na podstawie badań młodzieży studenckiej z Małopolski w zakresie narkomanii, Acta Universitatis Lodziensis. Folia Sociologica, 37, s. 187-205. ISSN 0208-600X.
 
14.
Kwiatkowska G.E., Siudem A., (2011). Człowiek w Środowisku Pracy, Lublin: Wydawnictwo UMCS. ISBN 9788322732960.
 
15.
Le Scouarnec R., Poirier R., Owens J., Gauthier J., Taylor A., Foresman P. (2001) Use of binaural beat tapes for treatment of anxiety: a pilot study of tape preference and outcomes, Alternative therapies in health and medicine, 7(1), s. 58-63. ISSN 1078-6791.
 
16.
Mackey T., Liang B., Strathdee S. (2013) Digital Social Media, Youth, and Nonmedical Use of Prescription Drugs: The Need for Reform, Journal of Medical Internet Research, 15(7). doi: 10.2196/jmir.2464.
 
17.
Motyka M. (2015). New methods of narcotization. Part VII. Digital drugs, Problemy Higieny i Epidemiologii, 96(2) s. 309-314. ISSN 1895-4316.
 
18.
Ozkan M., Solmaz B. (2015) Mobile Addiction of Generation Z and its Effects on their Social Lifes: (An Application among University Students in the 18-23 Age Group), Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 205, s. 92-98. ISSN 1877-0428.
 
19.
Reedijk S., Bolders A., Hommel B. (2013) The impact of binaural beats on creativity, Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 7. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00786.
 
20.
Runcan R. (2015) Facebookmania – the psychical addiction to Facebook and its incidence on the Z generation, Revista de Asistenţă Socială, 3, s. 127-136. ISSN 1583-0608.
 
21.
Sas C., Chopra R. (2015). MeditAid: a wearable adaptive neurofeedback-based system for training mindfulness state, Personal and Ubiquitous Computing 19, s. 1169–1182. ISSN 1617-4909.
 
22.
Singh A. (2014) Challenges and Issues of Generation Z, IOSR Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 16(7), s. 59-63. ISSN 1535-668X.
 
23.
Skara S., Sussman S. (2003) A review of 25 long-term adolescent tobacco and other drug use prevention program evaluations, Preventive medicine, 37(5), s. 451-474. ISSN 0091-7435.
 
24.
Stradomska, M. (2019). Uwarunkowania prób samobójczych w grupie studentów – program profilaktyczny prowadzony na uniwersytecie, Psychiatria i Psychologia Kliniczna, 19 (3), p. 293–307. ISSN 1644-6313.
 
25.
Stradomska, M., Wolińska, J., Marczak, M. (2016). Circumstances and underlying causes of suicidal attempts in teen patients of mental health facilities – a psychological perspective, Psychiatria i Psychologia Kliniczna, 16(3), 136-149. ISSN 1644-6313.
 
26.
Tuszyńska-Bogucka W., Kwiatkowski P. (2015) „Naćpani dźwiękiem”? E-narkotyki jako obszar badań przyszłości, Horyzonty Psychologii,5, s. 29-43. ISSN 2083-5248.
 
27.
Wiszejko-Wierzbicka D., Kidawa M., Jabłońska M. (2016). Motives of new psychoactive substance use and typology of users based on survey and Internet forum analysis within the I-TREND project, Alcoholism and Drug Addiction, 29(2), s. 61-74. ISSN 0867-4361.
 
28.
Wingo T., Nesil T., Choi J., Li M. (2015) Novelty Seeking and Drug Addiction in Humans and Animals: From Behavior to Molecules, Journal of Neuroimmune Pharmacology, 11, s. 456–470. ISSN 1557-1890.
 
29.
Wnuk M., Purandare B., Marcinkowski J. (2013). Struktura spożycia alkoholu w Polsce w ujęciu historycznym, Problemy Higieny i Epidemiologii, 94(3), s. 446-450. ISSN 1895-4316.
 
30.
Leonidovich I., Esakov V., Nazarova L. (2014) Audionarkotiki. Zvuk vmesto “khimii” Chelovek, Rossiyskaya akademiya nauk (Moskva), 3, s. 66-76.
 
31.
Leonovich E. (2014) Audionarkotiki (zvukovyye narkotiki). Chto eto? Pobrane z: https://sub-cult.ru/chtivo/sta... (29.01.2020).
 
32.
Pukhlykh L. (2009) Audionarkotiki: novyy vid opasnykh stimulyatorov rasprostranyayetsya cherez Internet, Argumenty i fakty. Pobrane z: https://aif.ru/health/life/122... (29.01.2020).
 
eISSN:2391-789X
ISSN:1734-2031