Formation of Alternative Reality in Totalitarian Society: mythologization of Chornobyl Catastrophe in 1986
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
WSGE
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Sofiia Sokolova   

WSGE
Publish date: 2019-07-24
Submission date: 2019-06-17
Acceptance date: 2019-07-06
 
JoMS 2019;41(2):39–60
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Objectives:
The purpose of the article is to reveal practical technology of alternative reality formation in soviet society dased on the example Chornobyl catastrophe (1986) mythologization.

Material and methods:
During the research analyses and generalization of archive sources which were declassified by the Security Service of Ukraine have been performed. Also, analyses of scientific sources and documents, overview of soviet mass media related to the topic has been carried out.

Results:
-

Conclusions:
All elements of alternative reality formation (mythologization), commonly used by KGB (Committee for State Security of the Soviet Union) namely truth secrecy; documents and material evidence destruction; intimidation; true information sources blocking; alternative “truth” formation; spreading such “truth” in mass media – all of them were implied in full. But the detection of the myth within historical time period came very quickly. Myth proved to be fragile – the occurrence of chemical reactions couldn’t be subordinated to the soviet power prescripts, they couldn’t be intimidated with KGB methods, however, the catastrophe consequences seemed too vivid for the full suppression. Main reason of failure in formation of soviet myth about harmlessness of radiation was international publicity.

 
REFERENCES (4)
1.
Drozd, I.P. (2013). Khronichnyy vplyv ionizuyuchoyi radiatsiyi na orhanizm tvaryn i lyudyny. [Chronic Effects of Ionizing Radiation on the Organism of Animals and Humans]. Nuclear Physics and Atomic Energy, ISSN 1818-331X, 2013, Т. 14, № 1, С. 42-50. (in Ukrainian).
 
2.
„Druhyy Chornobyl'” v Ukraini cherez amerykans'ke yaderne palyvo. (2018). [in] White Book of Special Information Operations against Ukraine 2014-2018. Ed.: D.Yu. Zolotuchin. Ministry of Information Policy of Ukraine. Kyiv: „ Mega-press groups”, 384 p. ISBN 978 966 97732 2 7. Retrieved from: http://mip.gov.ua/files/pdf/wh... (in Ukrainian).
 
3.
Sokolova, S. (2017). Th e Russian-language Wikipedia as a Measure of Society Political Mythologization. Journal of Modern Science, 33(2), 147-176. ISSN 1734-2031.
 
4.
Sokolova, S. (2018). Violations of Comparative Method Application within Internet Discussions of Fiction. Journal of Modern Science, 38(3), 87-109. ISSN 1734-2031. https://doi.org/10.13166/jms/9....
 
eISSN:2391-789X
ISSN:1734-2031