The metaphorization phenomenon in the English literature texts. Actualization of the time concept through the metaphorical realization process
 
More details
Hide details
1
National Pedagogical Dragomanov University, Ukraine
Publish date: 2019-10-25
 
JoMS 2019;42(3):109–129
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
_Other
 
ABSTRACT
This article is a result of the analysis of metaphorization process and actualization of the TIME concept in the English literature texts. The analysis has been made from different perspectives such as: historical, lexical and semantic. All the results of the article are closely related to our dissertation and based on many scientific works dedicated to the similar linguistic topics. Purpose. The purpose of the article is a more precise study of the TIME concept and its metaphorization in the English literature texts. It is very important to understand the historical formation of the process as well as its correlation with lexical and semantic aspects of the linguistic. Methods. The first method of the research is the comparative analysis of different linguists’ statement about such a phenomenon as metaphor or metaphorization. The second method is the descriptive analysis of the historical background of the TIME concept formation. The third method is the analysis of the English literature texts in order to find some lexical, semantic, stylistic, pragmatic, syntactic, linguistic and psycholinguistic patterns for the TIME concept metaphorization in this kind of texts. Results. Specific metaphor properties are the reason why a very important role in a language is dedicated to the metaphor. Language embodiment of new concepts and a creation of new linguistic manners is a direct consequence of the metaphorization process. Certain linguistic forms are a place of a realization of cognitive reality images. These images are based on a metaphorical transference. The development of the TIME concept part named as time calculation had started in early English period (XIV – XV centuries). The TIME concept has been The metaphorization phenomenon in the English literature texts. Actualization of the time concept through the metaphorical realization process metaphorically realized very differently. The metaphorization depends on the period of the English history. Modern metaphorical realization of the TIME concept has changed many times but the basic metaphorical associations remained non deformed. There are prepositions which classified by the agentic / non-agentic feature. It’s been made in order to understand time properties and in order to find correlation between the TIME concept and other aspects of the textual reality. The analysis of the chosen material has led to the distinction of five predicate groups such as: activity, location, status, quality and process. The classification of the prepositions was made in the research. They were distinguished according to the predicates. As a result models of the TIME concept description have been made. It proofs the fact that the TIME concept might be realized as the agentive, objective and dative. The using of the ‘time’ lexeme as a living initiator of the action is syntactically reasoned. This action causes the personification of time in the English culture.
 
REFERENCES (55)
1.
Addison Joseph (2006) Essays and Tales. / Dodo Press, p.128. ISBN 9781406505191.
 
2.
Adger, D. (2002) Core Syntax. A Minimalist Approach. Oxford: Oxford. University Press, p. 349. ISBN 9780199243709.
 
3.
Anikina, A.B. (2005) Obraznoye slovo v khudozhestvennom i publitsisticheskom proizvedenii. Voprosy stilistiki teksta [The abstract word in the literature text. The questions of the text stylistics]. Moscow, p. 216.
 
4.
Arutyunova, N.(1990). Metafora i diskurs: Vstup. stat’ya. [A metaphor and a discourse: an introductory article]. Moscow: Progress. p. 362.
 
5.
Batsevych, F. (2009). Dukhovna synerhetyka ridnoyi movy: Linhvofilosofs'ki narysy : Monohrafiya. [Spiritual synergy of native language: Linguistic philosophical essays: Monograph]. Kyiv: VTs "Akademiya", P. 192.
 
6.
British National Corpus [Электронный ресурс]. – Режим доступа: http://corpus.byu.edu/bnc/.
 
7.
Burroughs S. William (2004) Naked Lunch. / Grove/Atlantic, p. 289.
 
8.
Canadian Poetry Online [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://www.library.utoronto.ca....
 
9.
Carman, B. W. “119 poems” [Електронний ресурс]. –http://www.poemhunter.com/i/eb.... (access date 20.05.2019).
 
10.
Carroll Lewis (2000) Alice's Adventures in Wonderland & Through the Looking-Glass. / Penguin Group (USA), p.239. ISBN 9780451527745.
 
11.
Choyce, L. “Caution to the Wind” [Електронний ресурс]. – Режим доступу: http://www.lesleychoyce.com// (Access date 20.05.2019).
 
12.
Cocker, E. Cocker’s Arithmetick. Printed for Mess. Bettesworth and Hitch, at the Redlyon in Pater-noster row; R. Ware, at the Sun and Bible in Amen-corner; and J. Hodges, at the Looking-glass on London-bridge, 1736. 183 p.
 
13.
Corpus of Middle English Prose and Verse. University of Michigan. URL: http://quod.lib.umich.edu/c/cm... (access date 20.04.2016).
 
14.
Davies, Mark. (2008-) The Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA): 560 million words, 1990-present. Available online at https://corpus.byu.edu/coca/. (access date 20.04.2016).
 
15.
Dickens Charles (1999) A Christmas Carol. / Bethany House Publishers, p.104.
 
16.
Dickens Charles (2003a) Barnaby Rudge. London : Penguin Books, p. 744.
 
17.
Dickens Charles (2003b) Dombey and Son. / Modern Library, p. 880.
 
18.
Dickens Charles (2003c), Hard Times. London : Pearson Longman, p. 353.
 
19.
Dickens Charles (2003d), Oliver Twist. London : Penguin Books, p. 608.
 
20.
Dickens Charles (2004) David Copperfield. London : Penguin , p. 882.
 
21.
Dickens Charles (2006) Bleak House. London : Penguin Books, p. 1017.
 
22.
Dickens Charles (2016) Charles Dickens: Little Dorrit. / CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, p. 360.
 
23.
Dickens Charles (2018) The Life and Adventures of Martin Chuzzlewit. / Createspace Independent Publishing Platform, p. 816.
 
24.
Dreiser Theodore (2000) An American Tragedy. / Signet Classics, p. 859.
 
25.
Fielding Henry, Keymer Thomas (Editor), Wakely Alice (Editor) (2005) The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling. London : Penguin Books. p. 975.
 
26.
Fitzgerald F. Scott (1995) The Love of the Last Tycoon. / Scribner, p. 169.
 
27.
Galsworthy John (2001) The Man of Property / Wordsworth Editions Ltd . p.364.
 
28.
Haggard H. Rider (2007) Dawn. / BiblioLife , p.512.
 
29.
Jerome K. Jerome (2005) Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow. / MONDIAL , p.95.
 
30.
Johnson S. A Dictionary of the English Language. 1755. URL: http://johnsonsdictionaryonlin... (access date 20.04.2016).
 
31.
JOURNAL ARTICLE : The early Renaissance personification of Time and changing concepts of temporality. S. Cohen / Renaissance Studies Vol. 14, No. 3 (SEPTEMBER 2000), pp. 301-328 / Published by: Wiley https://www.jstor.org/stable/2... / Page Count: 28.
 
32.
Karpilovs'ka, Ye. (2010).Vtoryna nominatsiya u suchasniy ukrayins'kiy movi: tendentsiyi rozvytku. [The secondary nomination in the modern Ukrainian language: development trends]. Linhvistychni studiyi. Ed. 20. pp. 27–32.
 
33.
Kravets', L. (2012). Dynamika metafory v ukrayins'kiy poeziyi XXst. : monohrafiya. [Dynamics of metaphor in Ukrainian poetry of the twentieth century : monograph]. Kyiv: VTs «Akademiya», p. 416.
 
34.
Kytö, M., Walker, T.M. A Corpus of English Dialogues 1560 1760. URL: https://www. sketchengine.co.uk/corpus-engl... (access date 20.04.2016).
 
35.
Lesyn, V., Pulynets', O. (1982). Slovnyk literaturoznavchykh terminiv. [Dictionary of the literary terms]. Kyiv: Rad. shkola, p. 486.
 
36.
Levitskiy, V. (2007). Kvantitativnyye metody v lingvistike. [Quantitative methods in linguistics]. Vinnitsa: Nova Kniga. p. 264.
 
37.
Literaturnaya entsiklopediya [Literature encyclopedia]: web-site: URL: http://feb-web.ru/feb/mas/mas-... (access date 02.06.2018).
 
38.
London Jack (2007) When God Laughs and Other Stories. / 1st World Library, p.180.
 
39.
London Jack (2018) John Barleycorn. / CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, p.90.
 
40.
Nelyubin, L. (2003). Tolkovyy perevodovedcheskiy slovar’. [Dictionary for translators]. Moscow: Flinta: Nauka. p. 320.
 
41.
Rowling J.K., Grand Pré Mary (Illustrator) (2002) Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire. / Scholastic , p.734.
 
42.
Rusanivs'kyy, V., Taranenko, O. (2004).Ukrayins'ka mova: Entsyklopediya. [Ukrainian language: encyclopedia]. Kyiv: Ukr. entsykl. im. M.P. Bazhana, p. 824.
 
43.
Shadwell, Th. The Lancashire Witches, and Tegue O Divelly the Irish Priest. A Comedy, Etc. J. J. & P. Knapton, 1736, p.108.
 
44.
Shevchenko, L. (2010). Slovnyk ukrayins'koyi movy. V 20 tomakh. [Ukrainian dictionary. In 20 volumes]. Vol. 11, Kyiv: Naukova dumka. p. 694.
 
45.
Steinbeck John (2002) Of Mice and Men. London : Penguin Books, p. 112.
 
46.
Suckling John (2008) The Poems of Sir John Suckling. / BiblioLife, p.264.
 
47.
Swift, J. The Journal Of a Modern Lady // Aikin J. Select Works of the British Poets: In a Chronological Series from Ben Jonson to Beattie. T. Wardle, 1840, p.807.
 
48.
Teliya, V. (1988). Metafora v yazyke i tekste. [The metaphor in the language and text]. Moscow: Nauka, p. 176.
 
49.
Wilde Oscar, The Picture of Dorian Gray London: Penguin Books Ltd 2008, p. 304.
 
50.
William Shakespeare (1988) The Poems. NY : Bantam Classics, p. 528.
 
51.
William Shakespeare (2003) Richard II. Oxford : Oxford University Press, p. 168.
 
52.
William Shakespeare (2010) The Complete Works of William Shakespeare. NY : Barnes & Noble Inc, p.1264.
 
53.
Yaremenko, V., Slipushko, O. (1999). Novyy tlumachnyy slovnyk ukrayins'koyi movy: U 4 t. [New Explanatory Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language: in 4 vol]. Vol. 2. Kyiv: AKONIT, p. 912.
 
54.
Yeshchenko, T. (2001). Metafora v ukrayins'kiy poeziyi 90-kh rokiv xx stolittya. [A metaphor in the Ukrainian poetry of 90th years of the XX century]. Donets'k: Donets'kyy natsional'nyy un-t., p. 337.
 
55.
Zaliznyak, A. (2006). Mnogoznachnost’ v yazyke i sposoby eyë predstavleniya. [Multivaluedness in the language and ways to represent it]. Moscow: Yazyki slavyan. Kul’tur, p. 672.
 
eISSN:2391-789X
ISSN:1734-2031